Home loan Process

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The application process

  The first step in the loan process is to make contact with one of Efinity’s licensed mortgage loan
officer (RMLO) and begin the application process. At this time the RMLO will begin gathering all
pertinent loan application information from you. The mortgage advisor will let you know
exactly what documents you will need to provide and address important questions during your
initial meeting so they can design the proper loan scenario for you.
RMLOs at Efinity Mortgage will guide you through the entire loan process at this time. RMLOs
are qualified to answer any questions you may have about loan process, so don’t hesitate to
ask. After your initial meeting or discussion, the following steps are taken to complete the
application process:
A credit report is pulled.
An application is signed.
Disclosures are signed.
Explanation letters are written to explain specific situations that affect your financial
ability to repay a mortgage loan.
Supporting documentation is presented by you to the mortgage company to validate
the information provided for the loan application
An underwriting pre-approval is performed by an automated underwriting service or a
manual underwriter.
A commitment fee, application fee, or good faith deposit is paid by the homebuyer to
the mortgage company.
A pre-approval letter with conditions is presented to you. House hunting begins.
 

Hire a great realtor

  You need to hire a realtor who can help you find the house that is best for you. Efinity
Mortgage can recommend a trusted, knowledgeable realtor. The realtor will check out
comparable homes before they’re shown to you, and suggest properties for you to consider. A
realtor also will provide community information regarding schools and property tax rates.
A realtor will handle the negotiations and present your offer. You don’t have to compensate a
realtor for his or her services. They’re compensated from commission by the seller of the
house
 

Preform a home inspection

  A home inspection should be performed of the house you want to buy. A home inspection will
pinpoint any issues with the house and ultimately, help protect you in the event any
unforeseen issues that may arise in the future.
You should make sure the inspector has experience inspecting homes. You can be present for
the inspection. Here is a sampling of items that the home inspection will generally cover:
structural elements such as ceilings, roof and foundation
exterior such as landscape, fences, doors and windows
attic and roof
plumbing
electrical such as main panel, ceiling fans, light fixtures, wiring
appliances such as dishwashers, built-in microwaves and more
water heaters, A/C units, fireplace, sprinkler systems and more
You and the seller will get an inspection report that details the findings. It is up to you to
decide if you want to request the seller to repair anything before closing the sale.
 

Loan Processing

  After you’ve found a home and are ready to make a move, an appraisal of the home is ordered
by Efinity Mortgage. A professional appraiser will visit your prospective home and inspect the
size, condition, function and quality of the home. The appraiser will then compare the home to
similar homes in the area that have recently been sold to determine a fair market value. An
opinion of value will be included in the final appraisal report along with other data and research
used to estimate the value of the home.
During the loan processing stage of the loan process, the following items are ordered to get you
one step closer to purchasing your new home:
 Title to the property A survey Wiring instructions for when the loan has closed An insured closing letter A termite inspectionVerification of employment, funds to close on the home and the rent/mortgage are ordered.
Verifications of any paid credit items are then sent to the credit bureaus to ensure your credit is
accurate and up to date.
At this time, further documentation is received from the client to update any pending questions
(divorce decrees, etc.), while taxes are certified for the proper amount for the property with
the title company.
During this phase of loan processing, you, the homebuyer, obtains insurance quote that is
typically paid at closing of the loan. The Mortgagee clause is then sent to the insurance
company and a declaration page is produced and the realtor/title company/builder should
transfer information about any homeowners association or condo dues to the mortgage
company.
After the information has been gathered, the title, appraisal, survey, termite inspection,
Verification of Employment (VOE), rent, and funds to close are then sent to loan processing at
Efinity Mortgage. The information is then reviewed by both processing and the RMLO to
confirm it matches the loan application, to confirm it will meet the guidelines of the loan
program, and to determine if more documentation is required. Any necessary changes to the
documentation that require attention are relayed to the homebuyer, buyer’s agent, builder,
seller’s agent, client, landlord, title company, employer, surveyor, termite company, bank, etc.
Once these conditions are cleared, the loan is sent to underwriting for approval, usually by
scanned email, fax, overnight mail, or by same day courier
 

Down payment

  Today, home loans are being acquired with lower credit scores and smaller down payments. In
recent years, a down payment on a home has become more of a personal decision rather than
a financial necessity.
Most home loans do require a down payment. The amount of a down payment on a home loan
varies based on factors such as loan type, credit score, type of property being purchased,
income and asset documentation, and the debt ratio as related to income.

Underwriting

  During the underwriting phase of the loan process, an underwriter reviews the loan package
and documentation provided by the RMLO to determine whether the information provided is
acceptable to offer the loan to the applicant. The underwriter analyzes the applicant’s credit
history, calculates housing and debt ratios, evaluates the value of the home as well as the
applicant’s assets and/or funds available to pay a down payment.
Once the underwriter has evaluated the loan applicant’s information and calculated the risk in
making the mortgage loan, they decide whether or not the application fulfills all of the
requirements necessary for loan approval. At this point the underwriter will approve the loan
with conditions, suspend the loan or deny the loan as it stands.
The following also occurs during the underwriting process;
 Updated pay stubs are obtained from the homebuyer along with updated financial
statements to make sure they are all dated within 30 days of closing.
A new credit report is typically run if the original is over 30 days old.
Any gift funds for down payment are to be verified by the donor from the account of
origin.

 A 4506 (IRS form) is ordered to verify if the tax returns supplied have actually been sent
to the IRS.
A background check is done to verify the actual owner of the landlord property listed on
the VOR. (Verification of Rent)
A fraud check is performed to verify if paystubs/W-2s are real.
The earnest money check is verified to have cleared the bank account of the
homebuyer.
Any updates to the title, appraisal, survey, bank statements, etc. required by the
underwriter are translated to the appropriate parties.
Proper names, addresses and mortgagee clauses are added to the title.
Insurance is verified to be appropriate to the lender and program.
A flood certificate is ordered to characterize the flood zone status.
An appraisal review is performed to validate the appraisal is within acceptable limits.
A certificate of occupancy is obtained for any new home construction.
A final appraisal is ordered for any subject-to conditions.
The processor obtains the title fees, lender fees, HOA dues, and all other fees they can
think of from the appropriate parties.
The processor figures the appropriate prorating of taxes that will come from the seller.
The processor determines if the taxes are on improved or unimproved property.
Seasoned funds (available reserves as reported on application) are again checked to be
sure there are sufficient funds to close.
The rate lock is extended if necessary due to delays in the time to build the home.
Delays may require you to pay an additional fee to the lender to extend the lock.
After all conditions under the sun are cleared, the loan is cleared to close.

Setting a Closing Date

    Once the loan has been cleared to close by the underwriter, a closing date is set after
consulting with you and your title company.
When an agreed upon closing date has been set, a fee sheet is sent to our loan closing
department. The closing department will then draw the closing documents and sent them to
the Attorney for review. When the documents have been reviewed, the closing department
orders the wire amount for the loan. The closing department then sends closing and funding
conditions to the title company.

Closing on Your Home Loan at the Title Company

    Stretch Your Writing Hand – You’ve got a Lot of Closing Documents to Sign
At this point, you are so close to grabbing the keys to your new home! All you have left to do is
sign your name or initials on what will seem like a million documents – in reality it’s just a few
dozen, though. You will travel to the designated title company to complete the closing process.
It’s the last active step for you to buy a home, because the only remaining step is funding – and
that just depends on all the closing documents having been executed properly.
You will have a closing agent from the title company who will walk you through the whole
process, and often your real estate agent will meet you just in case you have questions or they
need to communicate quickly with anybody else involved in the home sale or loan process. The
title company will have all the papers reviewed by your mortgage RMLO here at Texas Lending
to make sure all the numbers are accurate. You will hear from the title company before closing
so that you know exactly how much money you need to bring to closing in the form of a
cashier’s check. Sometimes, if you’ve also just sold a home, your closing may be funded from
the home sale.
You may also need to bring proof of homeowner’s insurance with you, unless that has been
provided to the title company previously. Some real estate agents will help with that prior to
closing. And, finally, you will need to provide photographic proof of identification for each
person signing the closing documents. Then you’ll start signing your closing papers, which
include:
 Settlement Statement (HUD-1 Form) – This form has all the information detailed about
the purchase of your new home including the price you pay, finance rate for the loan,
fees for all the parties involved, property taxes, and the cash requirements for you and
the seller.
 Truth in Lending (TILA) Document – This includes information on your monthly
mortgage payments including principle, interest and taxes. It also clarifies all the finance
charges. You will have seen this earlier in the process, but this is the final document.
Mortgage Document, Title & Deed – This is the legal paperwork that provides your assurance that you will pay the debt you owe to the lender. It has lots of information
about your payments and terms & penalties if you miss payments. The title and deed
say who owns the property, you, and conveys ownership of the property.
 Title Insurance: This is what the title company really does – makes sure that it’s legal for
you to own the property, and that there are no other claims against it.
IRS 1099 Form: Real estate transactions must be reported to the federal government,
the IRS. The title company will notarize the proper forms and makes sure all documents are properly
executed. On the day of closing, Texas Lending will wire the purchase funds to the title
company, and the title company will distribute the money to the seller, the real estate agents,
and any other parties who are owed a portion of the money. If the wire transfer is completed
and the forms are all verified as valid, sometimes you can pick up your keys and garage door
openers immediately after closing and go enjoy your new house right away!
The process sounds more intimidating than it really is. Your real estate agent and Texas Lending
RMLO will make sure the title company has everything it needs prior to closing, will ensure you
bring the proper things to closing, and all you have to do is sign, sign, sign! You’ll be done in less
than an hour and on your way to moving into your new home.
 

Funding the Loan

    Following the closing, the documents are sent to the funder who reviews them to ensure all
closing and funding conditions have been met.
After the documents have been reviewed by the finder and all conditions have been met, the
funds are released. If funding is withheld the client is called back to the title company to make
any changes to the paperwork that may be necessary.